What is a Data Cabinet: Definition and Uses of Data Server Rack Cabinets

With the era of the Internet and everything technology, it has become almost impossible to get anything done without a computing device. Whether it is banking, studying, or different forms of commerce, everything nowadays is relying heavily on data computing processes for efficiency. This, in turn, has caused an increased demand for computing power in data centers. So organizations and institutions are continuously upgrading their systems with IT equipment to support these power demands.

However, for your operations to runs smoothly, you must have a reliable and secure IT infrastructure. You need to provide security for this equipment and the data in it. Well, this is where a data cabinet comes.

What Is a Data Cabinet?

A data cabinet is simply a framework that stores and organizes different IT equipment like servers, network switches, cables and HUB. By keeping them all intact, the data cabinet helps ensure that maximum security is given to the equipment. The cabinet also helps keep the equipment cool, while most importantly, organizing them, so they take up the least space as possible.

Typically, a data cabinet occupies only a small footprint and would be placed at a convenient location where the safety of your equipment can be monitored.

Uses of Data Server Rack Cabinets

Other than basic storage, data server rack cabinets usually perform a variety of other essential services, geared to guarantee the security and integrity of your server. They include:

  • Housing Cooling Systems: Any high level performing machine needs a cool down system to prevent its internal components from overheating. Since a server outperforms every other machine, it will need an exceptionally efficient system of cooling. For this, data server rack cabinets will usually feature special compartments to host cooling systems for the server. The compartments will be intuitively positioned, so they cool as effectively as possible.

The racks also feature some built-in features which keep the hot air from circulating back to the machine. These include side enclosures to keep the air from reaching the sides of the server, ventilation holes and thermal ducts which help isolate the hot air from the enclosure. Others have removable doors which you can take out if the server is in a secure room.

  • Adds extra security to your server: Part of the server’s work is to manage all the data in the organization in the organization. All the data goes through it. Needless to say, if any malicious party or a hacker gains access to the server, they can get or tamper with sensitive information.

For this reason, most server rack cabinets are closeable. There’ll often feature a security mechanism such as a lock and key, or lock code to limit access to only the authorized personnel.

  • Holding telecommunications equipment/ cable management: The importance of smooth, uninterrupted communication is extremely invaluable in a functional organization. By sorting your cables in an organized manner, data rack cabinets help optimize your system and enhance the availability of communication.

This allows them to reduce signal interference, facilitate easy scalability while at the same time making the maintenance process a whole lot smoother. Since the racks occupy a small footprint, the equipment and cables are set up compactly, therefore maximizing on your working space.

  • Hosts a wide range of components and devices at the same time: For most IT equipment to operate effectively, they need to work together with other IT equipment. They are configured and integrated to support all the requirements of the firm.

Naturally, it is easier to manage such a complex system, if all the components are in space. Well, data cabinets help house all of them in a more organized manner. The frame is usually a standardized size and will have slots where you can mount your other interconnected equipment by clipping or bolting the device’s front panel to the rack.

  • Easy Troubleshooting – with your servers being in one place, it is easier to identify a problem when it occurs. The server rack will give you easy access to the front and backside of the machine, allowing the technicians to operate with ease.

Data Server Rack Cabinets vs Network Cabinets

Although they share a lot of similarities with network cabinets, server rack cabinets are a little different. For starters, server racks are specifically designed to host servers. The server, in this case, is any high functioning powered machine facilitating data sharing and delivering computations in your local network. Now the server rack cabinet is engineered to keep this machine secure and properly connected.

Server rack cabinets are also notably taller. They will be about 24 inches wide and would go about 35 to 42 inches deep. They’ll also have perforated front and rears to allow for ventilation of the equipment.

Network cabinets, on the other hand, are mainly used to store networking accessories such as cables, switches and patch panels. Most of them usually have a glass or plastic door, and since the equipment doesn’t generate much heat, they won’t have perforations like server rack cabinets.

Types of Server Racks

Server racks are known using different names; At times, you’ll hear the term network racks or LAN racks referring to the same thing. But all in all, they perform the same function of storing critical IT equipment.

There are mainly three basic types of server racks; open-framed, locked and wall-mount racks.

  • Locked Rack Cabinets

As the name suggests, locked rack cabinets are those that can be locked. They will often feature a door with security mechanisms. Because of this, locked server racks can be placed anywhere, whether secure or insecure and still guarantee some level of security. However, it is recommended that you still in an enclosed room. Locked rack cabinets are generally more expensive.

Despite their enclosed nature, locked rack cabinets are optimized to encourage airflow. In fact, they allow for even more control over airflow when compared to the open racks

  • Open Frame

Open Frame racks, on the other hand, are open-ended. This means they don’t have any sides or doors. They’ll typically feature a single frame with mounting rails where you can mount all your equipment.  The open frame type gives more flexibility when accessing the cables and delivers total maximization of space. For this reason, they are good for systems having high-density cabling.

Open frame racks also allow free circulation of air properly within the data center, allowing temperature regulation of the devices. It is essential to store an open frame rack insecure server rooms.

  • Wall-Mount racks

These racks are usually attached to the wall. By so doing, they get to save on floor space and easily fit in most compact areas. They come either as open or closed and are smaller when compared to the floor-standing racks. They also don’t support as much weight either.

When purchasing a data cabinet, It is crucial that you pay attention to the different models and their advantages. Additionally, you have the option of having your rack personally preconfigured or customized according to your system’s requirements.


If you are coming up with a data center for your operations, getting a server rack should be your top priority. The type of rack you choose should be able to guarantee the security of your network, as well as manage your cables effectively. Hopefully, with the information above, you are now at a position to make a more educated investment.

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