WiFi can be a delicate thing. You may find that your WiFi works perfectly at a certain spot and once you move from that spot it starts weakening. this can be due to factors that influence their performance;

Factors Affecting WiFi Performance

  • Physical Distance

WiFi routers tend to reach a very small radius in your home and the moment you move away from that area the connection weakens.

  • Physical obstruction

WiFi signals can be affected by things like concrete, furniture, mirrors or even the layout of the materials in a room. this obstructive materials especially affect higher frequency signals like 5GHz since they do not penetrate solid objects as well as lower frequency signal like 2.4GHz.

  • Other wireless networks

WiFi signals occupy the same radio frequency band of the electromagnetic spectrum actual radius, cellphones, microwave ovens, baby monitors and other devices. all this can interfere with WiFi signals. WiFi networks can also interfere with one another. This can be experienced in apartments or densely populated areas. This can be easily solved by moving your router away from other wireless networks.

  • Bandwidth Hoggers/Leeches

Bandwidth hog refers to internet users who use more bandwidth than other users on the same network mostly by downloading more content and big files than other users. They are also known as heavy internet users. For the best experience, it is important to manage bandwidth hoggers and limit access to your WiFi to prevent them from stealing bandwidth.

  • Router Capacity

Your router capacity determines how efficient your WiFi will be and especially if you have many users, you will need a high capacity router for better experience.

  • Your Internet Service Provider

Your internet problems could easily be caused by your internet service provider.the download and upload speed should correspond with what the ISP (internet service provider) assured you when buying their services. If not then you should have a talk with them or consider looking for another ISP.

How To Boost Your WiFi

  • Update your security to cut off bandwidth leeches

As seen earlier, bandwidth hoggers slow down your WiFi by taking up bandwidth. That is why it is recommended to protect access to your router with a complex password and WPA 2 security to ensure that no one can access the WiFi. Also ensure that you do not use common passwords like 123456, don’t include any personal information in the password and don’t write it on a piece of paper. If you have guests you could create a separate network and limit its range or protect it with a different password and always change the password on a regular basis.

  • Buy a WiFi repeater/Booster/Extender

WiFi repeaters are devices that take an existing signal from your WiFi router and broadcast it. WiFi booster and extenders amplify an existing network before rebroadcasting it to create a second network. This devices will enable your WiFi signal reach a bigger radius.

  • Select a good location

Make sure you place you router at a suitable location. Avoid placing it close to metal objects and appliances that emit electromagnetic waves.

Best place to put your router;

  1. On a mantle in a central living room or family room
  2. On a small coffee table placed strategically in a central hallway or living space
  3. On the second floor landing if you don’t have a basement

Do not place the router on the floor since its ability to emit strong signals is severely limited.

  • Keep your router updated

Always ensure that your router is up to date with the newest firmware. If its not updated it stands a chance of malware infection which when infected it an steal bandwidth and spread itself across to other devices.

  • Get a stronger antenna

In order to boost you WiFi signal a powerful WiFi antenna is one good way to boost your WiFi. The gain of an antenna system relative to an isotropic radiator at radio frequencies is expressed in dBi, or decibels relative to isotropic. Most home routers come with small antenna whose gain is usually between 4-5 dBi. If you replace your antenna with a 9 dBi antenna that should provide excellent signal boost.

Capture 12
  • Control bandwidth-hungry application and clients

Modern routers support services like QoS(quality of services) that allows users to prioritize certain applications over others.

To change your routers QoS setting;

  1. log in to your router as admin
  2. Go to settings and open the wireless settings tab
  3. Locate the QoS settings
  4. Configure your QoS rules
  5. Save the new settings and wait for your router to restart
  • Switch to 5GHz

5GHz wireless frequency provides fast data rates at shorter distances. If your router supports 5GHz you can consider switching to it for an instant short range speed boost. But because it cannot penetrate solid objects as well as 2.4GHz wireless frequency. Then its advisable to always use 5GHz in conjunction with 2.4GHz.

  • Always remember to Reboot

Rebooting your router can help improve your WiFi speed. A reboot clears the routers memory and allows updates to install. If your router starts to install an update during the reboot, do not interrupt the update process by turning it off. Be patient and let it finish the update.

  • Contact your internet service provider

You should contact your internet service provider if your WiFi has issues. If they care for their customers they should be in a better position to come, diagnose the router and provide a solution to boost your wireless signal.


Your Wi-Fi router is crucial in determining the internet speeds you get throughout your home or apartment. Using any of these tips can help you maximize your home Wi-Fi signal and enjoy faster internet at home.

Leave a Reply